Ense3 rubrique Formation 2022

Behaviour of geotechnical structures - 5EMHGOU

  • Number of hours

    • Lectures 12.0
    • Tutorials 8.0


    ECTS 1.5


The aim of the course is to show how the global behaviour of geotechnical structures (at failure or under service loads) can be explained by the fundamental soil mechanisms and the local soil-structure interface behaviour.
The course will cover the classical analytical design methods, simplified numerical approaches and the advanced numerical approaches (such as FEM) considering different degrees of complexity of the soil constitutive models.

Contact Fabrice EMERIAULT


Shallow foundations:

  • Introduction
  • Definitions
  • Bearing capacity (Triaxial / shear tests,Pressumeter / penetrometer tests)
  • Settlements (from lab / in situ tests)
  • « Code » of good practice

Retaining structures: gravity walls

  • Introduction
  • The different types of gravity walls
  • Failure mechanisms
  • Active and passive pressure distributions
  • The effect of water
  • Stability of gravity walls

Retaining structures: flexible walls

  • Introduction
  • Different types of flexible walls
  • Failure mechanisms
  • Specific aspects of the behaviour (Active and passive pressures on a flexible wall,Arching effect,Incidence of construction phases)
  • Design methods (Simplified, Empirical, Subgrade reaction method,FE calculations)
  • Design of the anchors

Deep foundations

  • Introduction
  • Deep foundations: general aspects
  • Behaviour of axially loaded deep foundations (Bearing capacity,Settlement)
  • Behaviour of laterally loaded deep foundations
  • Parasite effects: Group effect, Deep compressible soil layer, Negative friction,Lateral creep)

Soil improvement


Soil mechanics


The exam is given in english only 

This course is evaluated by a personal analysis of a case study with a written report.

Additional Information

This course is given in english only EN

Course list
Curriculum->HOE->Semester 5