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Ecole nationale supérieure de l'Énergie, l'Eau et l'Environnement
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Engineering school in energy, water and environment
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Our engineering & master degrees

> Studies > E3-STU-COURSES

Power Systems II - Grids and Components - 4EUS4PST

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  • Number of hours

    • Lectures : 22.0
    • Tutorials : 14.0
    • Laboratory works : 24.0
    • Projects : -
    • Internship : -
    ECTS : 5.0
  • Officials : Pascal TIXADOR

Goals

The scope is to provide a basic understanding of electricity generation from nuclear, thermal and hydraulic origins including main thermodynamic cycles and fuel cells. This module also aims to storage systems, including chemical storage and gravity (STEP).

Content

(1) Conventional power plants (14 hours courses)
• Nuclear power production
o Nuclear physics - mass energy equivalence
o Different families of nuclear reactors
o Nuclear Safety - radioactivity and radiation protection rules
o Sorting and storage of radioactive wastes
• Hydraulic Power Production
o Different types of hydroelectric power plants (lake, sluices, run of the river, high head, low head)
o Types of dams (mobile / fixed - gravityt / arch), weirs
o Hydraulic turbines (Pelton, Francis, Kaplan, bulbs)
o Pumped Storage Power Station (PSPS)
o Tidal power stations
• Thermal Power Production
o Conventional steam power plants (combustion, fuels, steam generator, steam turbine, condenser, circuit, air-gas combustion circuit, …)
o Plants with reduced pollution, "clean coal" system
o Combustion Turbines
o Combined cycle power plants

(2) Heat Engines (12 hours of lecture)
o Reminders about thermodynamics for machines
• First and second principles emphasizing open systems (for machines) and enthalpy
• Quantities and widely used thermodynamic relations for machine calculations
• Equations of state (ideal gas, incompressible liquid and solid) and thermodynamiques relations
• Compression and expansion of gas (for cycles of machines)
o Thermodynamic cycles for electricity generation
• Brayton cycle (generating sets)
• Basic cycle, cycle with recovery, cycle with compression and multi-stage expansion)
• Rankine Cycle / Hirn (water-steam cycle of power plants)
• Basic cycle, overheating, compression and expansion
o Report by each group

(3) Electrochemistry (10 hours of lecture, 10 hours of tutorials, 4 hours of personal work)
• General information on energy storage, Ragone diagram, cycle life, aging and wear ...
• Reminders of electrochemical reactions
• Operating principles of batteries and fuel cells, V(I) characteristic, performances, dynamic phenomena, response time
• Examples of technologies, circuit protection, BMS (Battery Management System)
• Trends and perspectives

(4) Pumped Storage Power Station (PSPS) (14 hours, partly made as project)
• Description of PSPS and comparison with other storage systems
• Operation of an PSPS and associated services
• Selection and sizing of the various components
• Comparison of different starting modes of PSPS
• Detailed analysis of the Grand-Maison PSPS, its configuration (hydraulic and electrical diagrams) and its operating modes
The guided study concerns the re-start of the Grand-Maison PSPS, the calculation of various electrical parameters and their settings.

Tests

CC 50% + CT 50%

Calendar

The course exists in the following branches:

see the course schedule for 2019-2020

Additional Information

Course ID : 4EUS4PST
Course language(s): FR

You can find this course among all other courses.

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Date of update February 8, 2017

Grenoble INP Institut d'ingénierie Univ. Grenoble Alpes