Aller au menu Aller au contenu
Our engineering & master degrees
Ecole nationale supérieure de l'Énergie, l'Eau et l'Environnement
-
Engineering school in energy, water and environment
Our engineering & master degrees
Our engineering & master degrees

> Studies > E3-STU-COURSES

MicroGrids, SmartGrids and Supergrids - 5EUS5SMA

A+Augmenter la taille du texteA-Réduire la taille du texteImprimer le documentEnvoyer cette page par mail Partagez cet article Facebook Twitter Linked In Google+ Viadeo
  • Number of hours

    • Lectures : 32.0
    • Tutorials : -
    • Laboratory works : 28.0
    • Projects : -
    • Internship : -
    ECTS : 5.0
  • Officials : Delphine RIU

Goals

The development of renewable energy, electric vehicles and various storage facilities linked to a desire to preserve the environment brought new challenges to traditional power systems but also embedded and island systems. These networks must follow this policy while remaining economical and reliable. The purpose of this unit is to understand all the new challenges that make the concept of Micro Grids, Smart Grids and Super Grids emerge. Students will be trained to methods and tools, in the research phase, experimentation phase or already used, in order to be as close as possible to current industrial issues.

Content

The development of renewable energy, electric vehicles and various storage facilities linked to a desire to preserve the environment brought new challenges to traditional power systems but also embedded and island systems. These networks must follow this policy while remaining economical and reliable. The purpose of this unit is to understand all the new challenges that make the concept of Micro Networks, Smart Grids and Super Grids emerge. Students will be trained to methods and tools, in the research phase, experimentation phase or already used, in order to be as close as possible to current industrial issues.
The unit consists of four courses:

  • Smart Grids and Super Grids
    In this course, the new challenges and actors of electrical networks are presented as well as the new resulting constraints. The goal is to show the need for structural evolutions (new architectures, DC networks ...) and operational evolutions (reconfiguration in normal condition, self-healing, state estimation and coordinated voltage control) of power systems for the transition to the Smart grids and Super grids.
  • Advanced functions for the integration of RES
    In this lab, the PREDIS real distribution network is firstly modeled in Matlab. Then simulations are used to highlight the various technical constraints that appear due to the insertion of distributed generation. Two major advanced functions are explored: the reconfiguration of the network and the producer participation to voltage regulation. These solutions are then applied to the PREDIS distribution network.
  • Optimization method for networks
    The numerical optimization for the electrical networks course begins with a general presentation of the optimization (objectives, theoretical concepts). Then it describes the classes of optimization problems which are now well understood and accessible to numerical calculation and the computer tools useful for engineers to effectively solve them. Then this course broaches modeling, ie the art of "well" representing real problems as mathematical optimization problems, and illustrates it by setting the equations of two key application problems coming from the electrical industry: the problem of managing power generation and the problem of power flow allocation in a transmission network. These equations are then implemented by students during labs and used for typical case studies encountered in practice in power systems.
  • Sizing of multi-source systems
    The objective of this course is to study the technical aspects involved in the design of a dynamic electrical system in general: energy flow management, optimal sizing of sources (storage included), dynamic stability and dynamic interactions, advanced monitoring and control. All these concepts are applied on case studied (embedded systems, island networks, microgrids). By the way, students will make the connection between the modes of dynamic management and the sizing of the various components of the system. This course is divided into 4 parts:
    • Technical debate on the steps to be considered in the complete sizing of an electrical system and the constraints to considered. Presentation of the expectation of the course.
    • Energy management of an embedded system: frequency source management, analysis and links related to the sizing of the system. Quick overview of other management strategies (optimal control by rules, fuzzy logic).
    • Dynamic analysis of an electrical system: state modeling, stability analysis, participation factors and sensitivity matrices, formulation of the control objectives, formulation of the problem of robust control.
    • Mini-Project:
      • sizing of an embedded storage system (batteries and / or supercapacitors)
      • sizing of the control and monitoring architecture of an isolated DC network: state modeling, stability analysis, synthesis of correctors based on the sensitivity function, timing validation.

Prerequisites

  • 1st year 1 – common courses
    • Unit Electric Power devices
    • Unit Modeling and Control of Systems
    • Unit Modeling and Numerical Computation
  • Numerical methods (EdP simulation and optimization) Common to ASI / IEE / SEM 2A
  • Course Modeling and networks computation (IEE PS Unit Sizing and operation of electrical networks) or Modeling and grid management (SEM S3 Module Power System),

Tests

  • Specific credits: this course brings 6.0 ECTS to students in Year 2 Master ENTECH (M2 ENTECH)

The mark of this module consists of written exam (CT) with a coefficient of 0.35 and a continuous assessement with a coefficient of 0.65.

The written exam will be on the Sizing of multi-source systems part and Optimization method for networks part.
The continuous assessement mark will be the mean of the three following marks :

  • Mark 1 (SMA): Summary of 4 pages maximum on "The impact of the connection of production to the distribution network and possible operational solutions." This synthesis will be based on the concepts studied in the Smart Grids and Super Grids course and the associated lab (Advanced functions for the integration of RES (Renewable Energy Ressources)).
  • Mark 2 (OPT): Average of lab reports.
  • Mark 3 (MSS): Average of two marks based on the Sizing of multi-source systems course
    • Evaluation of an oral bibliographic work in groups (4-5 students).
    • Two lab reports, each one marked on a scale from 0 to 10. The final mark of lab work is the sum of two previous marks.

      The second session evaluation will remplace the written exam of session 1. It will be a written or oral exam on the Sizing of multi-source systems part and Optimization method for networks part.

CC 65% + CT 35%

The exam is given in english only FR

Calendar

The course exists in the following branches:

see the course schedule for 2019-2020

Additional Information

Course ID : 5EUS5SMA
Course language(s): FR

You can find this course among all other courses.

Bibliography

  • Kundur, Prabha. Power system stability and control. Eds. Neal J. Balu, and Mark G. Lauby. Vol. 7. New York: McGraw-hill, 1994.
  • Hadjsaïd, Nouredine, and Jean-Claude Sabonnadière, eds. Smart Grids. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.

A+Augmenter la taille du texteA-Réduire la taille du texteImprimer le documentEnvoyer cette page par mail Partagez cet article Facebook Twitter Linked In Google+ Viadeo

Date of update February 8, 2017

Grenoble INP Institut d'ingénierie Univ. Grenoble Alpes